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Russian draft resolution on Counterterrorism

| New York (USA)
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The US opposed this draft. It was finaly withdrawed by Sergeï Lavrov just before the 30 September 2015 Security meeting

The Security Council,

Reaffirming its commitment to sovereignty, territorial integrity and political independence of all States in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations,

Expressing grave concern over the risks posed by the increasing terrorist threat to the territorial integrity and existence of some States in the Middle East and North Africa, as well as over the serious humanitarian consequences of the growing terrorist activity in the region, including the large-scale increase in number of refugees and internally displaced persons and the expansion of illegal migration flows,

Noting that the lack of solution to some conflicts in the Middle East and North Africa is one of the factors contributing to the expansion of the terrorist ideology in the region,

Reiterating its concern that foreign terrorist fighters increase the intensity, duration and intractability of conflicts, and also may pose a serious threat to their States of origin, the States they transit and the States to which they travel, as well as States, neighbouring to zones of armed conflict, in which foreign terrorist fighters are active and that are affected by serious security burdens, (based on pp10, 2178)

Noting that the threat of foreign terrorist fighters may affect all regions and Member States, even those far from conflict zones, (based on pp10, 2178)

Expressing grave concern that foreign terrorist fighters are using their extremist ideology to promote terrorism, (based on pp10, 2178)

Recognizing that terrorism poses a threat to peace and stability in the Middle East and North Africa, and that countering this threat requires collective efforts on national, regional and international levels on the basis of respect for the principles and norms of international law,

Underlining that international cooperation and any measures taken by Member States to prevent and combat terrorism must comply fully with the Charter of the United Nations, (common CT language)

Noting in this regard the central role the United Nations and its Security Council play in leading and coordinating these efforts,

1. Reiterates its condemnation of terrorism in all forms and manifestations and calls upon all Member States to counter this threat in accordance with their obligations under international law;

2. Condemns unconditionally such organizations as the Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant (ISIL), Al-Qaida and all other groups, undertakings and entities associated with Al-Qaida, in particular Al-Nusrah Front (ANF), for continued and multiple terrorist acts;

3. Reaffirms that those responsible for committing terrorist acts, including those driven by ethnic, religious or sectarian grounds, must be held accountable;

4. Welcomes the efforts of Member States, including States of the Middle East and North Africa, which contribute to countering the terrorist threat in the region, including fighting the organizations mentioned in paragraph 2 above, in accordance with the norms of international law and purposes and principles of the UN Charter, and calls upon all States to participate to the extent possible in these efforts and to coordinate their activities with the consent of the States, in the territories of which such activities are conducted, on the basis of the UN Charter and in accordance with the principles of sovereignty and territorial integrity of Member States;

5. Requests Member States participating in the activities mentioned in paragraph 4 above to submit to the Security Council periodic reports in this regard;

6. Emphasizes the need to prevent and suppress the financing of terrorist acts, and in this regard notes in particular that States are required to ensure that their nationals and persons in their territory not make available, directly or indirectly, any funds, other financial assets or economic resources, including oil, oil products, modular refineries and related material and other natural resources that are identified as directed to, collected for, or otherwise for the benefit of ISIL, ANF, and other individuals, groups, undertakings and entities associated with Al-Qaida, as well as any funds or negotiable benefit arising from such economic resources; (op.9, 2199)

7. Reiterates its call on all Member State, in accordance with their obligations under international law, to cooperate in efforts to address the threat of terrorism, including the threat posed by foreign terrorist fighters, and to establish in particular an effective exchange of relevant information; (based on op.4, 2178)

8. Encourages more active submission to the Committee established pursuant to resolutions 1267 (1999) and 1989 (2011) listing requests of individuals supporting ISIL, ANF and all other individuals, groups, undertakings and entities associated with Al-Qaida and directs the 1267/1989 Al-Qaida Sanctions Committee to immediately consider, in accordance with its resolution 2199 (2015), designations of individuals and entities engaged in oil trade related activities with ISIL, ANF and all other individuals, groups, undertakings and entities associated with Al-Qaida; (based on op.13, 2199)

9. Requests the Analytical Support and Sanctions Monitoring Team to submit to the Committee in 60 days recommendations on measures to strengthen the monitoring of implementation of resolution 2199 (2015);

10. Reaffirms the crucial role of the Counter Terrorism Committee (CTC) and its Executive Directorate (CTED) in ensuring the full implementation of resolutions 1373 (2001) and 1624 (2005), notes the ongoing work on supplementing the global surveys of resolutions 1373 (2001) and 1624 (2005), endorses the thematic and regional approach of CTED aimed at addressing the counter-terrorism needs of each Member State and region, and directs CTED to present in 9 months a report to the CTC on regional aspects of implementation of resolutions 1373 (2001) and 1624 (2005) by the States of the Middle East and North Africa taking into account the emerging issues, trends and developments related to these resolutions that, in paragraph 5 of resolution 2129 (2013), the Security Council directed CTED to identify and requests the Executive Director of CTED to brief the Council on the findings of this report; (based on 2129 and 2178)

11. Requests the Analytical Support and Sanctions Monitoring Team in close cooperation with other United Nations counter-terrorism bodies to gather from States, relevant United Nations bodies, other international and regional organizations and other interested parties information concerning designation of individuals and entities, associated with Al-Qaida, and its cells, affiliates, splinter groups and derivatives, such as ISIL, ANF, Ansar Al Charia, who may be engaging in activities falling under resolution 2199 and to provide the Committee established pursuant to resolutions 1267 (1999) and 1989 (2011) with this information in a form of updates on each of the following subjects: oil trade; trade in cultural property; external donations; direct or indirect supply, sale or transfer of arms and related material of all type, as part of the impact assessment, pursuant to paragraph 30 of resolution 2199 (2015), that the Team will include in its regular reports to the Committee;

12. Reiterates the need to enhance cooperation and coordination among the committees with counter-terrorism mandates established pursuant to resolutions 1267 (1999) and 1989 (2011), 1373 (2001) and 1540 (2004) and their respective groups of experts, and notes the importance of the committees’ interaction and dialogue with all Member States in the Middle East and North Africa for their effective cooperation and encourages the committees to hold in 2016 a joint meeting with participation of Member States, inviting representatives of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation and the League of Arab States, to discuss further steps to be taken with regards to counterterrorism efforts in the Middle East and North Africa taking into account the emerging regional issues, trends and developments related to resolutions 1267 (1999) and 1989 (2011), 1373 (2001) and 1540 (2004); (based on S/PRST/2014/23)

13. Underscores the important role of the Counter Terrorism Implementation Task Force (CTITF) in technical assistance delivery and strongly recommends that the CTITF Office, in close consultation with CTED and based on its CTC-approved analyses and reports, and using the information provided by the Analytical Support and Sanctions Monitoring Team and the Group of Experts established pursuant to resolution 1540, set out a prioritized list of capacity building and technical assistance programs to be implemented by CTITF entities and the UN Counter-Terrorism Centre (UNCCT) with respect to the Middle East and North Africa; (based on S/PRST/2015/11)

14. Notes the study conducted by the Financial Action Task Force (FATF) on illicit financial flows, associated with ISIL, and calls upon FATF to continue its efforts to identify States, individuals and entities, involved in trade and transactions with ISIL, aimed at the efficient disruption of terrorism financing channels;

15. Supports the efforts to resolve conflicts in the Middle East and North Africa undertaken under the aegis of the UN in agreed inclusive formats;

16. Requests the Secretary-General to report regularly on the implementation of this resolution and to submit the first report in three months upon its adoption and every six months thereafter;

17. Decides to remain actively seized of the matter.

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