We should wonder about the meaning of the UN Summit and the commitments that could or should be made in it. The world has changed since the moment this organization was founded 60 years ago. On September 11 we were shocked by the extremely irrational attack targeted against the heart of what we call “civilization”.
On the one hand, we have the values proclaimed in 1945 at the end of the Auschwitz and Hiroshima processes clearly stated at the Universal Declaration of Human Rights of 1948 and in the following agreements. On the other hand, no other century in history had witnessed so many killings, genocides and dictatorships. This is also the century in which colonial empires, the apartheid and the Soviet totalitarianism were ended. We have unified Europe too. The 20th century brought with it, above all, the development of the interconnection between human societies. We’re all on the same boat and we need the establishment of a world democracy.
But this interdependence is a challenge due to three phenomena: the erosion of the Earth’s physical resources and its cultural diversity, the still-inappropriately calculated impact of the evolution of technologies and the concentration of corporations that have created giants in the world economy. These three challenges affect everybody and can be replaced by a decisive and responsible action that could combine the efforts of the civil societies of all nations and democratic states. This interdependence will confer world institutions, which by definition defend the rights of all, the missions and resources that will allow them to efficiently serve the values proclaimed by the UN Charter.
For this reason, the Collegium international éthique suggests that the UN General Assembly should adopt the Universal Declaration of Interdependence, which includes such a term as a project and not as a confirmation.

Libération (France)
Libération followed a long path since its creation by philosopher Jean-Paul Sartre to its acquisition by financier Edouard de Rothschild. Circulation: 150,000 copies.

Trois défis pour un monde juste”, by Stéphane Hessel, Libération, September 9, 2005.