In November 2003, Iran prevented a crisis when it decided to put an end to the activities that would have allowed the production of military nuclear material. The International Atomic Energy Agency Agence Internationale de l’Energie Atomique (IAEA) had discovered what Iran had achieved in 18 years of not declaring its nuclear activities as stated in the Non Proliferation Treaty, thus violating its obligations. Since Teheran accepted to end its activities, the IAEA did not report anything to the UN Security Council. Last November, Iran signed an agreement with Great Britain, France and Germany to bring to an end the activities of all its uranium conversion facilities. _ The IAEA Board of Governors should meet in Vienna to make a decision but there’s no consensus. This matter should be entrusted to the UN Security Council but many members that have been submitted to Teheran’s lobby are reluctant. They fear this might provoke a situation similar to that of Iraq. Not to report anything to the UN Security Council will weaken the IAEA and the non proliferation system. It must be kept in mind that reporting to the Security Council does no mean immediate sanctions. It could strengthen the work of inspectors, though.
Iran does not want to cooperate and it’s necessary to give the IAEA the necessary authority. Therefore, it’s necessary to have a resolution of the Security Council.

International Herald Tribune (France)
The International Herald Tribune is a version of the New York Times adapted for the European public. It works in direct association with Haaretz (Israel), Kathimerini (Greece), Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung (Germany), JoongAng Daily (South Korea), Asahi Shimbun (Japan), The Daily Star (Lebanon) and El País (Spain). It also works, through its head office, in indirect association with Le Monde (France).

Decision Time on Iran”, by Pierre Goldschmidt, New York Times, September 14, 2005.
Iran: Call in the Security Council”, International Herald Tribune, September 15, 2005.