Differences between the United States and the European Union are bad for both sides of the Atlantic. We’re disappointed by the Iranian refusal to the agreement offered by France, Great Britain and Germany, with the support of the United States. Teheran has chosen to reject this offer and has reactivated its uranium enrichment programme. We believe an Iranian state with the capacity to produce nuclear weapons is a destabilizing fact for the whole region. The United States and Iran have a common interest in bringing Teheran to the bargaining table. Iran must be convinced that, on the contrary, it has nothing to lose but much to win, an idea which must be supported by the United States.
Americans and Europeans should make a common declaration on the following issues:
- The United States and the European Union should demand the end of Iran’s uranium enrichment and the shipment of all the material produced in Isfahan since its reopening outside of the country.
- The United States should support negotiations between Iran and Europe and should accept the fact that Iran could have a civil nuclear programme.
- The United States should be willing to begin bilateral negotiations with Iran about economic sanctions, Teheran’s support to international terrorist groups, Iran’s opposition to the Israeli-Palestinian peace process and the inclusión of Iran to the WTO. The European Union and the United States should support the efforts of the Iranian people with regard to human rights.
- The European Union should renew its support to the Iranian nuclear civil programme but it should join the sanctions’ threats in case Teheran chooses not to end its uranium enrichment programme.
It’ll be necessary to find a solution agreed by consensus at the UN Security Council. However, the probable Russian and Chinese oppositions should make the European Union think about a system of transatlantic sanctions with Japan.

Source
International Herald Tribune (France)
The International Herald Tribune is a version of the New York Times adapted for the European public. It works in direct association with Haaretz (Israel), Kathimerini (Greece), Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung (Germany), JoongAng Daily (South Korea), Asahi Shimbun (Japan), The Daily Star (Lebanon) and El País (Spain). It also works, through its head office, in indirect association with Le Monde (France).

United against Iranian nukes”, by Philip H. Gordon and Charles Grant, International Herald Tribune, September 15, 2005. This text was also signed by Urban Ahlin, Giuliano Amato, Gerassimos Arsenis, Samuel R. Berger, Richard Burt, Jean-Claude Casanova, Ivo H. Daalder, Marta Dassu, Thérèse Delpech, Lawrence Freedman, Francis Fukuyama, Leslie Gelb, Robert Gelbard, John Gibson, Nicole Gnesotto, Ulrike Guérot, David Hannay, Douglas Hurd, Robert Hutchings, G. John Ikenberry, Josef Janning, Géza Jeszensky, Robert Kagan, Daniel Keohane, Ivan Krastev, Mart Laar, Anthony Lake, Mark Leonard, Andrew Moravcsik, Kalypso Nicolaidis, Joseph S. Nye, Jr., Michael O’Hanlon, Soli Özel, Ana Palacio, William J. Perry, Thomas Pickering, Susan Rice, George Robertson, Gary Samore, David Sandalow, Simon Serfaty, Narcís Serra, Jeremy Shapiro, Stefano Silvestri, Anne-Marie Slaughter, James B. Steinberg, Strobe Talbott, Antonio Vitorino and Joris Vos.