The international community is rightly concerned with Iran’s nuclear programme and the position adopted by its ultra-conservative president. The election of many military men as members of the Parliament has also strengthened the radical supporters of the nuclear option. Besides, with an expensive oil, it will be very difficult for a transatlantic alliance to impose economic sanctions against Iran. In fact, if there were a common Euro-American position, China and Russia could exercise their right to veto a hostile resolution at the UN Security Council. Today, ultraconservatives extend their negotiations on purpose just to gain time.
Since conciliatory diplomatic solutions have failed, severe diplomatic options should be adopted. Unfortunately, presenting a resolution to the Security Council is a delicate business when everyone’s position is ignored, apart from the fact that such a resolution would undoubtedly be ineffective. Economic sanctions could easily be ignored by Iran, which has strong ties with China and Russia. But, if no diplomacy succeeds in convincing the radical leaders or the Islamic Republic of Iran, would the Americans then resort to military action? Different plans of attack have been analyzed. The Israelis are also thinking about this.
But conventional attacks won’t destroy the Iranian nuclear facilities. This is the reason why since 2004 the US Department of Defence has been analyzing the use of nuclear weapons against Iran. However, such an attack would be counterproductive for it would inevitably hurt the patriotic feelings of the Iranian people who are, mostly, pro Western and even pro-American. In addition, faced with an offensive, the Iranians could mobilize their networks, they could mobilize the Shiites against the United States, sabotage the Israeli-Palestinian Peace Process, block the Strait of Hormuz and part of the world oil supplies.
However, giving up should not be an option. To solve the nuclear problem in Iran, to change the attitude of the regime’s ultras by means of dialogue or military action is an illusion. What would really solve the problem is the democratization of the regime by exerting pressures on the Islamic State and by supporting the civil society. The Iranian democracy would contribute to world peace.

Le Figaro (France)
Circulation: 350 000 copies. Property of Socpresse (founded by Robert Hersant, it is owned today by planes manufacturer Serge Dassault). This is the reference journal of the French right.

Résoudre le problème nucléaire de la République de Téhéran”, by Djamchid Assadi, Le Figaro, January 2, 2006.