Protocol on the Establishment of Diplomatic Relations Between Republic of Armenia and Republic of Turkey

The Republic of Armenia and the Republic of Turkey,

Desiring to establish good neighborly relations and to develop bilateral cooperation in the political,
economic, cultural and other fields for the benefit of their peoples, as envisaged in the Protocol on the
development of relations signed on the same day,

Referring to their obligation under the Charter of the United Nations, the Helsinki Final Act, the
Charter of Paris for a New Europe,

Reconfirming their commitment, in their bilateral and international relations, to respect and ensure
respect for the principles equality, sovereignty, non intervention in internal affairs of other states,
territorial integrity and inviolability of frontiers,

Bearing in mind the importance of the creation and maintenance of an atmosphere of trust and
confidence between the two countries that will contribute to the strengthening of peace, security and
stability of the whole region, as well as being determined to refrain from the threat or the use of force,
to promote the peaceful settlement of disputes, and to protect human rights and fundamental freedoms,
Confirming the mutual recognition of the existing border between the two countries as defined by the
relevant treaties of international law,

Emphasizing their decision to open the common border.
Reiterating their commitment to refrain from pursuing any policy incompatible with the spirit of good
neighborly relations.

Condemning all forms of terrorism, violence and extremism irrespective of their cause, pledging to
refrain from encouraging and tolerating such acts and to cooperate in combating against them,

Affirming their willingness to chart a new pattern and course for their relations on the basis of
common interests, goodwill and in pursuit of peace, mutual understanding and harmony,

Agree to establish diplomatic relations as of the date of the entry into force of this Protocol in
accordance with the Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations of 1961 and to exchange Diplomatic

Protocol on Development of Relations Between the Republic of Armenia and the Republic of Turkey

Guided by the Protocol on the Establishment of Diplomatic Relations between the Republic of
Armenia and the Republic of Turkey signed on the same day,

Considering the perspectives of developing their bilateral relations, based on confidence and respect
to their mutual interests,

Determining to develop and enhance their bilateral relations, in the political, economic, energy,
transport, scientific, cultural issues and other fields, based on common interests of both countries,

Supporting the promotion of the cooperation between the two countries in the international and
regional organizations, especially within the framework of the UN, the OSCE, the Council of Europe,
the Euro-Atlantic Partnership Council and the BSEC,

Taking into account the common purpose of both States to cooperate for enhancing regional stability
and security for ensuring democratic and sustainable development of the region,

Reiterating their commitment to the peaceful settlement of regional and international disputes and
conflicts on the basis of the norms and principles of international law,

Reaffirming their readiness to actively support the actions of the international community in
addressing common security threats to the region and world security and stability, such as terrorism,
transnational organized crimes, illicit trafficking of drugs and arms,

1. Agree to open the common border within 2 months after entry into force of this Protocol,

2. Agree to
Conduct regular political consultation between the Ministries of Foreign Affairs of the two countries;

Implement a dialogue on the historical dimension with the aim to restore mutual confidence between
the two nations, including an impartial and scientific examination of the historical records and archives
to define existing problems and formulate recommendations;

Make the best possible use of existing transport, communications and energy infrastructure and
networks between the two countries and to undertake measures in this regard;

Develop the bilateral legal framework in order to foster cooperation between the two countries;

Cooperate in the fields of science and education by encouraging relations between the appropriate
institutions as well as promoting the exchange of specialists and students, and act with the aim of
preserving the cultural heritage of both sides and launching common cultural projects;

Establish consular cooperation in accordance with the Vienna Convention on Consular Relations of
1963 in order to provide necessary assistance and protection to the citizens of the two countries;

Take concrete measures in order to develop trade, tourism and economic cooperation between the two

Engage in a dialogue and reinforce their cooperation on environmental issues.

3. Agree on the establishment of an intergovernmental bilateral commission which shall comprise
separate sub-commissions for the prompt implementation of the commitments mentioned in operation
paragraph 2 above in this Protocol. To prepare the working modalities of the intergovernmental
commission and its sub-commissions, a working group headed by the two Ministers of Foreign Affairs
shall be created 2 months after the day following the entry into force of this Protocol. Within 3 months
after the entry into force of this Protocol, these modalities shall be approved at ministerial level. The
intergovernmental commission shall meet for the first time immediately after the adoption of the said
modalities. The sub-commissions shall start their work at the latest 1 month thereafter and they shall
work continuously until the completion of their mandates. Where appropriate, international experts
shall take part in the sub-commissions.

The timetable and elements agreed by both sides for the implementation of this Protocol are mentioned
in the annexed document (See below), which is an integral part of this Protocol.

This Protocol and the Protocol on the Establishment of Diplomatic Relation between the Republic of
Armenia and the Republic of Turkey shall enter into force on the same day, i.e. on the first day of the
first month following the exchanges of instruments of ratification.

Annexed Document

- Timetable and elements for the implementation of the Protocol on development
of relations between the Republic of Armenia and the Republic of Turkey

- Timetable and elements for the implementation of the Protocol on development of relations between
the Republic of Armenia and the Republic of Turkey.