The Free Syrian Army, which took over control of al-Qusayr nearly a year ago, had expelled the Christian population and confiscated their homes. She has been expelled by the Syrian Arab Army, backed by Hezbollah.

As it was pulling out, the Free Syrian Army massacred the entire Christian population of Al-Duvair village (near the Lebanese border), May 28, 2013.

Considered as "moderate" Islamist, the Free Syrian Army is supported by NATO and the GCC.