The Philippine government and the rebel Moro Islamic Liberation Front have formally signed a peace agreement in Manila, March 27, 2014 in the presence of more than a thousand guests .
The agreement provides for the recognition of the rights of the Moro people, including the creation of an autonomous region (Bangsamoro), their rights over the wealth of their sub-soil, the application of Sharia law to Muslims alone, and the demilitarization of rebels.
In 1976, Col. Muammar al-Gaddafi had brokered a peace agreement between the Philippine government and the Moro National Liberation Front, that Libya supported at the time. However, certain Muslims were against it and created the Moro Islamic Liberation Front. Moreover, the 1976 agreement was repudiated in 2000 by President Estradas. The current peace was mediated by Malaysia with the endorsement of the United States and the European Union.
In 36 years, the war has claimed more than 120,000 lives.
The Moro Islamic Liberation Front is an indigenous movement of Moro people. It should not be confused with jihadist groups like Al Qaeda, such as the Abbu Sayyaf Group, which are not affected by this agreement.