The Turkish army organized the transfer of jihadists from Syria to Libya, followed by military advisers and equipment, including armored vehicles and drones.

Furthermore, it supervised the attacks carried out by the militia attached to the Tripoli-based Government of National Accord led by Fayez el-Sarraj, that is to say the government approved by the United Nations.

The GNA relies on the Muslim Brotherhood, Qatar and Turkey, which in 2011 placed at NATO’s disposal the militia from Misrata, a city dominated by the families of former Ottoman soldiers, often Circassians or Jews converted to Islam, who settled in Libya in the 19th century.

The militia and Turkish troops attacked the Berber city of Gharyan, loyal to the Tobruk-based Parliament. They perpetrated abhorrent atrocities against the families of Marshal Khalifa Haftar’s soldiers. This same militia became famous for terror killing and wreaking havoc among the black population of Tawergha in 2011.

This constitutes the first significant defeat suffered by Field Marshal Haftar, who is supported by France and Russia.