The Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO), the Russian side equivalent of NATO in strategic terms, scrutinized, on 16 May 2022, the rise of neo-Nazism in Western countries.

In their preparatory documents, the researchers noted that:
 In the industrial era, Nazism was characterized by the cult of the leader in the industrial era, whereas today’s era of social media promotes a totalitarian organization of society.
 Historical Nazism was mostly directed against Jews, while neo-Nazism mostly emphasizes white supremacy.
 the Nazis practiced had a cult of war, while the neo-Nazis celebrate violence.

In Ukraine, the banderites have increased their attacks against gays, Jews and Russians. The number of the victims tortured or killed by them is victims is unknown, but they could have been in the tens of thousands already before the start of the Russian military operation.