International Herald Tribune (France)
The International Herald Tribune is a version of the New York Times adapted for the European public. It works in direct association with Haaretz (Israel), Kathimerini (Greece), Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung (Germany), JoongAng Daily (South Korea), Asahi Shimbun (Japan), The Daily Star (Lebanon) and El País (Spain). It also works, through its head office, in indirect association with Le Monde (France).
The Darfur crisis has already claimed between 70,000 and 400,000 lives. It can only be solved through a political accord that targets the cause of the conflict and that is supposed to be the objective of those gathered in Abuja, Nigeria. The United Kingdom supports the peace process and it has financed the ongoing meeting with one million pounds, but the advancement of negotiations is quite slow, while negotiating parties do not respect the deadline set for December 31, 2005 as the moment (...)
There are three aspects to be taken into account while analyzing and assessing the caricatures of Prophet Mohammed. The first is that painting any prophet is forbidden in the Muslim religion. The second is that, in the Muslim world, it’s not common to make fun of our religion or others. Thus, these caricatures are considered, even by the “moderate” Muslims, an attack against a sacred person and as a provocation against our religion. The third aspect is that Muslims must understand that making (...)
With increasing worry, we witness the tensions provoked by the publication of caricatures of Prophet Mohammed in the European journals which have been considered offensive by the Muslisms. We make a call for respect and calm and we ask the voice of reason to be heard. Last year Turkey and Spain began a common work about an “alliance of civilizations” aimed at putting an end to the spiral of hate. The current events confirm the legitimacy of our diagnosis and the urgency to act.
In a (...)
The London Conference on Afghanistan represents an important stage and a challenge for the United States and the international community: an important stage for it will mark the ending of the Bonn process, and a challenge for it will mark the beginning of the next critical stage in the rebirth of the country after decades of war and destruction.
A lot has been achieved since the moment the Talibans were defeated four years ago by troops commanded by the United States. However, it’s also (...)
There is more uncertainty than clarity surrounding the upcoming Palestinian elections although there is something clear: Hamas, designated a terrorist organization by the United States and Europe and a mortal enemy of Israel, will be joining the legislature. It is possible that it may win a sizeable portion of votes and, who knows, a seat at the cabinet table.
Hamas’s decision to enter the political realm took long to come but it hardly is a surprise. Unlike Al Fatah, Hamas not only aims at (...)
The election on Sunday of Michelle Bachelet, less than a month after that of Evo Morales, seems that Latin America has unexpectedly moved to the left. Actually, two left wings coexist in Latin America, as shown by the Venezuelan Teodoro Petkoff, possible presidential candidate in December.
There is the Brazilian model which favoured investments and lifted 15 million people out of poverty in 10 years. There is also the Venezuelan model in which social expenditures are made with a populist (...)
The election of Evo Morales in Bolivia should not be underestimated because of its symbolic importance and because of its implications for the rest of Latin America. In a region where the concentration of power and wealth has been always outrageous, the election of a president belonging to the indigenous community is not a minor affair.
Bolivia has always been a paradigmatic country. The 1952 revolution was one of only four truly popular Latin American revolutions (along with Mexico, Cuba (...)
If we make a comparison of the White House statements since the summer of 2003, we can see that the Administration has continuously said that victory in Iraq is imminent and we don’t have any other choice but to keep our current policy. However, with luck, a transparent decision, a more courageous Democratic Party and the support of the Iraqis, the war in Iraq may end within the year.
Contrary to what George W. Bush affirms, our choice is not between “victory” or “defeat” but between staying (...)
When the Aymaran indegenous leader Tupac Katari was executed in 1781 by Spanish colonial rulers, he cried out that he would return incarnated in millions. The overwhelming victory of Evo Morales, being himself also an Aymaran aborigine, seems that Katari was right.
His electoral victory was interpreted as the confirmation that Latin America was turning right. The new president does not hide his admiration for Castro or Chávez and hopes to nationalize the oil industry and legalize (...)
The absolute ban on torture, a cornerstone of the international human rights structure, is today at stake. No one disputes that governments have the right and duty to defend their citizens. Terrorism is, indeed, a major threat and in light of an immediate danger, some rights might be limited temporarily. Yet, the right to be free from torture is not part of these sensitive rights to be suspended. That is an inalienable right.
Many UN member states are not aware of this prohibition. There (...)
How to prevent declining States from being refuges for terrorists? How to turn them into functional democracies? How to effectively intervene in those countries? A decade of work in Bosnia has the answers to these questions.
Ten years ago, the situation in Bosnia could have turned it into a black hole, into a base for international terrorism and organized crime. But today, it’s a stable democracy with a flourishing economy willing to join the European Union and NATO’s Partnership for Peace (...)
Ten years ago we negotiated for three weeks in a base in Ohio and despite all the difficulties, an agreement on Bosnia was signed in Dayton. The important thing is not to know how we did it, but why such agreement was not signed before. In 1995, Washington believed an agreement was necessary and this is what made it possible. It’s true that the military action in the autumn had an influence, but the decisive element was the political compromise.
Today, we have no achievements if compared (...)
In this globalized new century everything is faster and these changes must be dealt with, instead of opposing them. Europe must be part of this changing world based on respect of our values and principles. The European Union is the best mechanism for Europeans to deal with this challenge because together we have the necessary strength to have an influence on the big decisions at world level. Unfortunately, Europe will have to face today’s challenges with the current treaties. It will take (...)
Europe needs reforms. Therefore, firm decisions in key issues at the national and European levels are necessary. Globalization is not a threat, it’s an opportunity. From a positive point of view, the majority of our citizens can benefit from it.
We don’t have to choose between two economic models. Denmark is an example for it has proved that a system can be social and liberal at the same time. However, our economic systems need adjustments to take the offensive in globalization. We have to (...)
When European leaders meet with Vladimir Putin in London on Oct. 4, they should encourage him to resolve Russia’s "2008 problem": the open question of whether Putin will remain in power or not upon completion of his term. The question has become a topic of discussion in Moscow, although the Russian president has kept an ambiguous attitude concerning this issue.
This question has implications beyond Russia’s borders. That is because, since 1991, there is an absence of democratic succession (...)
When Viktor Yushchenko dismissed Yulia Tymoshenko he disappointed the friends of Ukraine who had believed in the orange revolution. That revolution was not the last step to democracy and all steps are not taken in the same direction. Europe and the United States should be patient with Ukraine. What has been achieved can’t be forgotten.
In 1991 Ukraine became independent after three centuries of Russian and later Soviet domination; it turned its economy into a market economy and established (...)
In November 2003, Iran prevented a crisis when it decided to put an end to the activities that would have allowed the production of military nuclear material. The International Atomic Energy Agency Agence Internationale de l’Energie Atomique (IAEA) had discovered what Iran had achieved in 18 years of not declaring its nuclear activities as stated in the Non Proliferation Treaty, thus violating its obligations. Since Teheran accepted to end its activities, the IAEA did not report anything to (...)
Differences between the United States and the European Union are bad for both sides of the Atlantic. We’re disappointed by the Iranian refusal to the agreement offered by France, Great Britain and Germany, with the support of the United States. Teheran has chosen to reject this offer and has reactivated its uranium enrichment programme. We believe an Iranian state with the capacity to produce nuclear weapons is a destabilizing fact for the whole region. The United States and Iran have a (...)
Four years after the attack against Pearl Harbour, the world leaders met in San Francisco and founded the UN to prevent war, defend human rights and assist the nations of the world. But there is an unacceptable gap between the ideals of the UN Charter and today’s institutions today. Four years after September 11, the world leaders think of actions that have the UN return to itss founding ideals.
Today, the civilized world is immersed in a long-lasting war against a wing of Islam. Thousands (...)
Twenty-two months ago, I was in Istanbul when Al Qaeda’s attacks took place. I was with the British Ambassador and Abdullah Gül. I was able to see from people’s reaction in the city that Istanbul was an European city. I often remember that day as I work on the Turkish accession.
As October 3 approaches, the date of the opening of negotiations, it is necessary to stress the significance of Turkey for Europe. When I was a kid, I was taught that the border between Europe and Asia was the (...)
In December, the Turkish novelist Orhan Pamuk will appear in a court of his country for he dared to affirm to a Swiss newspaper that Turkey had killed 30 000 Kurds and one million Armenians, but the issue was still a taboo. This trial contravenes freedom of speech and it is necessary to be finalized with a dismissal report. However, those in the West who want to use this accusation to attack the Turkish candidacy should take into consideration the path taken over the last ten years. (...)
Four years after September 11, is the U.S. foreign policy the result of the political culture of the United States? And to what extend is it determined by the particularities of the current president and his administration? It may be considered that Washington is just following its political tradition. The United States has frequently chosen unilateralism when it has been forced to do it and the idealist rhetoric has often accompanied it. However, the decisions made as of September 11 do (...)
The French news daily Le Monde Published last week an article entitled “The British multicultural model in crisis”. Many British people seem to agree with the idea. The July attacks in London prompted a wave of criticism against multiculturalism.
Some politicians have suggested measures after the attacks. Some of the suggestions are justified like scrutinizing more carefully the files of alleged foreign supporters of terrorism who request to enter the country. However, most of the suggested (...)
After a terrorist attack perpetrated by jihadiists two kinds of reactions are expected: some affirm the attacks have their roots in Islam whereas the others, especially the Muslim and the political correct westerners, affirm terrorism has nothing to do with Islam. Both sides are right.
Perhaps, terrorism has nothing to do with Islam but it is inspired by Islamism, that is, a political analysis of Islam. The very same jihadiists consider himself non-state combatants who have an irregular (...)
After my visits last week to South Africa, Mozambique and Congo Democratic Republic, I depart for the G-8 summit convinced that the changes in that continent are a vital problem for my generation, not only in Europe but also in Africa. In the South African village of Orange Farm, I gave Ma Williams the telephone which would enable her to get in touch with all her collaborators. She runs a center for public aid that teaches a million South Africans to make their rights that were obtained so (...)
With their usual resistance and courage, the British have begun to use again the public transportation in London. However, they will need more time to learn the lesson from Thursday events.
Above all, it is important not to analyze the new event by comparing it with what is familiar to us. We think we know the attacks in London because we have suffered the IRA’s; we think we know what war is because we remember the bombing of the British capital during WWII; we tell ourselves that to keep (...)
Tonight, President George W. Bush will give us his opinion on the situation in Iraq. Right now, the Bush administration is heading towards disaster in that country due to the absence of strategies to reduce the risks to which our soldiers are exposed and to increase our chances of success. The Bush administration has turned Iraq into the breeding ground for the jihadists. Today, there are about 16 000 to 20 000 of them in Iraq. It won’t be easy to change the American policy, especially with (...)
The European Constitution means the symbolic refounding of the European Union as a community based on democratic principles. The European Constitutional Treaty (ECT) offered more and not less democracy.
Therefore, it is sad to see how such democratic text was rejected by France and Holland. But, apart from this democratic reality, the European Union is seen as a project of the elites and not of the peoples. We have not been able to present its advantages for European citizens. Nowadays, (...)
The importance of madrassas in graduating terrorists is one of the greatest assumptions of the war on terrorism. Statements by Colin Powell or Donald Rumsfeld backed this theory. Yet, while these schools may breed fundamentalists, they do not teach the technical skills to be a terrorist. Indeed there is little evidence that madrassas produce terrorists capable of attacking the West.
If we examine the backgrounds of the 75 terrorists identified as the perpetrators of the bombing against (...)
According to what can be perceived, the electoral campaign shows the weakness of the democratic movement in Iran and the insignificance of the elections. All electoral candidates have been approved by the Revolution Guardian Council and democrats, disappointed by Khatami, have called for a boycott. However, there are encouraging signs for the future of Iran’s democracy. In fact, elections show governmental elites are no longer united.
Despite the selection of candidates, there are strong (...)