President Hugo Chávez with Zhang Xiaoqiang, vice-director of the Chinese National Development and Reform Commission. Since 1998, when Chávez was elected President, trade between China and Venezuela has jumped from 200 to 16,000 million dollars in 2011.

Since 2009, a boost in Sino-Venezuelan cooperation can be remarked in
agriculture, energy, housing, telecommunications, trade, transport and

Great energy projects have seen the light of day during the last three
years, from drilling oil in Venezuela’s Orinoco Basin to creating a
Sino-Venezuelan company to manufacture oil tankers and an oil refinery.
Venezuela has the largest oil reserves in the world”, says President
Hugo Chávez. “All the oil China needs is here in Venezuela”.

The Faja del Orinoco contains 520 billion barrels of crude oil. The Orinoco
oil belt has been divided into blocs, where oil is extracted by
Sino-Venezuelan joint ventures in which Venezuela’s state oil company
PDVSA keeps at least 60 percent controlling share.

Officials from PDVSA meet regularly with Chinese oil industry colleagues to
plan further steps of oil extraction, building petroleum platforms, oil
refineries and a fleet of oil tankers.

Currently Venezuela exports 400.000 barrels per day to China, the aim is to
reach one million in 2025.

Hugo Chávez speaks of “gradualness and joint development”.
Sino-Venezuelan projects constitute part of a “strategic long-term
development plan, to be implemented in several stages until 2025
according to the Venezuelan President.

China’s Vice-President, Xi Jinping, says of Hugo Chávez that “his
presence is a very positive attribute for commercial development between
China and Venezuela

Hugo Chávez has turned to Big Sister in order to diversify his country’s
oil export markets. During his presidency Venezuela has become the 5th
largest Latin American economy partner for China and its 4th largest oil

The Venezuelan President loves China and is very impressed by Big
Sister’s economic development. He lauds the Asian giant as being “the
greatest motor that exists to drive the world beyond the crisis of
capitalism. Nobody can doubt that the center of gravity of the world has
been moved towards Beijing

Hugo Chávez also wishes for ALBA member states to get more involved with
Big Sister, encouraging them regularly at ALBA summits to “form a united
” of Latin America with China.

Sino-Venezuelan energy cooperation reaches even further than oil. China is
helping Venezuela to develop its electricity grid by increasing hydro- and
thermo-electricity production.

The Chinese Sinohydro Corporation and the Venezuelan state electricity
company CORPOELEC cooperate in order to augment Venezuela’s
hydro-electricity output.

Furthermore, Chinese specialists give Venezuela technical assistance and
technology transfer to boost thermo-electricity production. A
thermo-electric plant of 500 megawatts capacity has already been installed
in the state of Mérida, three more plants with a capacity of 300 megawatts
each are envisaged in the country’s north and east.

In the field of agriculture, China assisted Venezuela in building an
irrigation project with the Guarico River in the state of Guarico.
The Chinese Heilongjiang Beidahuang State Farm Business Trade Group LTD
formed a joint venture food company in Venezuela to help with agricultural
development, mainly the production of grains, fruits, vegetables and milk.
Currently Chinese agriculture experts are studying the conditions of soil,
water and vegetation in Venezuela for further improvement. They also give
training and technology to Venezuelan farmers.

With Big Sister’s assistance, great housing programs were completed.
About 4000 new homes were built in the state of Barinas with China’s
Citic Group. Another 20.000 new homes were constructed in the Fuerte Tiuna
District of Caracas.

The Chinese company XCMG, one of the largest construction equipment
companies world-wide, sells modern equipment to Venezuela: compacters,
construction mixers, cranes, excavators and trucks.

President Hugo Chávez presents the government policy “My Well Equipped House”.

To fill the new homes, adequate household appliances are needed. “My Well
Equipped House
” is the name of the Venezuelan government policy to sell
Chinese household appliances at discount prices.

In May 2010, a contract was signed that Venezuela will buy 300,000
household items from Haier Electric Appliances in China. In May 2012,
President Hugo Chávez approved the construction of the “Haier
Venezuela” factory in the state of Miranda. It will produce electrical
kitchen appliances at affordable prices for the population.
Another area where Venezuela was able to make a huge leap forward with Big
Sister’s assistance is telecommunications.

In November 2008, the first telecom satellite, Venesat-1, called “Simón
Bolívar”, was launched from Xichang in China. This satellite links
isolated Venezuelan communities, providing them with means of communication and educational services.

With Venesat-1 the country gained independent internet and telephone
access. The satellite enabled two million new users to connect to internet
and phone services.

The installed remote antennas help the government markets Mercal, the army
border protection bases and schools in the entire Venezuelan territory.
The range of Venesat-1 reaches from the Caribbean Sea to the southern tip
of the continent, thus strengthening Latin American unity.

Venesat-1 has two land stations and a television port. It is managed by
Venezuela’s state-owned telecommunications company CANTV and shares
Uruguay’s orbit, according to an agreement between Venezuela and Uruguay.
In 2009, Venezuela inaugurated its first cellular phone factory in the
state of Falcón. The Venezuelan Telecommunications Corporation VTELCA was
constructed with Chinese technology and support.

Venezuela’s second satellite VRSS-1 (Venezuela Remote Sensing Satellite)
will be launched in October 2012, again from China. It will serve for land
observation, especially environment management, urban planning and climate

Ricardo Menéndez, Venezuela’s Minister for Science and Technology, says,
“We are going to have a satellite that will enable us to monitor the
national territory 24 hours a day, something which has enormous potential
in terms of providing assistance in extreme situations, for example heavy

For 2013, the construction of a Venezuelan satellite factory is being
prepared in the state of Carabobo, as part of the Venezuelan government’s
intent to reach technological sovereignty. Chinese and Venezuelan experts
are cooperating in this new enterprise.

In transport, the “National Railway Development Plan” comprises 8500
miles of railway, connecting the remotest parts of Venezuela with each
other. The plan is to be implemented until the year 2030. It includes 380
new railway stations and 550 new trains. They will transport 210 million
passengers and 190 million tons of cargo every year.

This railway system is being built with Chinese technology. The 800 million
dollar project is financed by the China-Venezuela Strategic Development
Fund which was set up in 2008.

Besides trains, China also offers cars to Venezuela. Four Chery dealerships
recently opened on Venezuelan territory, one in Caracas, three in other
parts of the country, attracting Venezuelans to buy either the “Arauca”
or the “Orinoco” models, named after two rivers flowing through

Eighteen more Chery dealerships are in the planning. The cars are assembled
in Venezuela under an agreement with China. 5000 vehicles were already
assembled in 2011, another 28.000 are planned until the end of this year.
The enterprise is financed jointly by Chery and a Venezuelan company.
Venezuela has ambitious intentions in tourism as well. President Chávez’
government wants to attract more Chinese visitors.

A Venezuelan group participated in this year’s International Tourism Fair
in Beijing. The Venezuelan stand presented posters and videos of Caribbean
beaches, Amazonian jungles, the snow-capped Andes peaks and the Llanos, the wide grasslands in central Venezuela with their cattle herds and Llanero

Venezuela wants to offer adventure and nature tours through the Llanos
states of Apure, Barinas, Cojedes and Guárico with their special fauna and
flora to Chinese tourists who are interested in ecological tourism.
Alejandro Fleming, Venezuela’s Minister for Tourism, reported about the
International Tourism Fair of Beijing in “Todo Venezuela” (All of
Venezuela), a TV program emitted by Venezuela de Televisión.
The Minister said that representatives of Chinese tourist agencies showed
great interest in organizing tours to Venezuela. Many private Chinese
guests also visited the stand, mainly to watch the videos showing
Venezuelan race driver Pastor Maldonado, who won the Formula 1, in his race

Meanwhile the first biography of Hugo Chávez in Mandarin has appeared,
written by the Chinese author Xu Shicheng who describes the Venezuelan
President as “the great leader of the Latin American Left in the 21st

The book with the title “Biography of Hugo Chávez: From the Bolivarian
Revolution to the Socialism of the 21st Century
” was presented at the
Venezuelan Embassy in Beijing in the summer of 2011. Ambassador Rocío
Maneiro and 300 guests attended the event, from Chinese intellectuals to
foreign diplomats.

Book presentation at the Venezuelan Embassy in Beijing, China: Biography of Hugo Chávez in Mandarin.

It was a great challenge to write about someone so active in the scene
of world politics, someone who has achieved great economic, political,
social and diplomatic changes in his country. I tried to approach with
great honesty the main steps of his relations to Russia and China
”, the
Chinese author said.

Hugo Chávez has already become a part of Latin American history for
having initiated the appearance of left movements on the continent through
elections. Since 1999, this appearance of the Left has extended to
Argentina, Bolivia, Ecuador, Nicaragua, Peru and Uruguay. Chávez is an
important statesman for Latin America and the world
”, Xu Shicheng
emphasized in an interview.

The Chinese writer pointed out that the previous analysis of Hugo
Chávez’ thoughts had helped him to understand his “exemplary
” since joining the Military Academy. According to Xu Shicheng,
the Venezuelan President is a “very agile person” who has learned his
lessons since coming into power, and who has corrected his course, which
helped him to win the referendum of 2009.

For Hugo Chávez, I planned to contribute elements appraising his figure
in the frame of the thirteen years of his mandate
”, the author explained.
Xu Shicheng has pursued Latin American studies for more than 40 years and
travelled on the continent several times.

Xu Shicheng congratulated Hugo Chávez on his 57th birthday. He remarked
that of all Latin American presidents he is the one who visited China most
often, six times altogether, a fact that proves “the good relations
between both countries

The biography has already been translated into Spanish. The tome of 400
pages was published in the People’s Publishing House of China. Its
extensive bibliography contains some speeches and essays from the website
Líneas de Chávez.”

One of the Venezuelan President’s many noteworthy thoughts is that China
and Venezuela pursue the “common goal of creating a balance in the world,
a multi-polar world. China and Venezuela have just one project and one
vision: a new world, a world of justice, a world of equality, a world of