SouthCom: Control of Latin America
Since the 19th century the United States have considered Latin America as their zone of influence (Monroe Doctrine), but it wasn’t until 1903 that SouthCom was created. The aim was to secure the railway strip connecting the Atlantic with the Pacific in order to build a canal. Washington secretly encouraged the secession of the Department of Panama from the Republic of Colombia and sent troops to "guarantee the security of the new State"!
During the Cold War, SouthCom at first overtly supported right-wing military dictatorships, then switched discreetly to orchestrating the repression of marxist guerrilla mouvements under the guise of the ’war on drugs’. This development generated a progressive structural reform. At present, SouthCom operates in close collaboration with numerous US agencies and not simply under the umbrella of the Defense Department.
In the future, SouthCom is expected to expand as and when US forces are withdrawn from the Great Middle East and to concentrate its efforts on controlling the oil fields in the Caribbean region. In the event of a showdown with Venezuela and Cuba, Washington has reactivated its Fourth Fleet (2008), has toppled the Government of Honduras which intended to shut down the surveillance base at Soto Cano (2009) and rented seven military bases in Colombia (2009).
According to the Cuban Minister for Foreign Affairs, Bruno Rodríguez Parrilla, US Special Forces descended in Puerto Rico and in the St Isdro base (Dominican Republic) between 9 – 13 February. US troops also flowed into other Caribbean Islands, but the US did not keep the de jure governors of these islands in the loop.
The Cuban Minister’s tweet (see above) raises the possibility of this being a US attack on Venezuela, shielded under the cover of humanitarian (...)
The crisis which is destabilising Venezuela, like those which are beginning in Nicaragua and Haïti, needs to be analysed in order to enable us to address it. Thierry Meyssan reminds us of three interpretative hypotheses and argues in favour of one of them. He evokes the US strategy and the ways in which it may be countered.
The Italian government announced that it vetoed the EU’s recognition of Juan Guaidó as the “Acting President” when the Council of Foreign Ministers met in Romania on 31 January 2019.
Despite this, the governments of Spain, the United Kingdom, Sweden, Denmark, France, Holland and Portugal, lined up to recognize Juan Guaidó as the “President in charge of Venezuela”, borrowing the language adopted last Monday by Spanish Prime Minister Pedro Sánchez.
During the legislative elections held in (...)
Confronted by the evidence revealed by the President of Venezuela, Nicolas Maduro, about the maritime incident provoked by the US transnational ExxonMobil , 10 out of the 12 member states of the Lima Group have withdrawn article 9 of the joint communiqué. Under this article, the Group had denounced an alleged Venezuelan provocation, which placed in danger security in the region.
Only two countries – Canada and Paraguay – did not make the necessary correction. For the governments of Canada (...)
According to the US transnational ExxonMobil, on 22 December 2018 the Venezuelan navy expelled two ships that were carrying out prospecting works in the territorial waters between Venezuela and Guyana. Venezuela and Guyana are disputing to which of them these waters belong. On the faith of this communiqué, Guyana, followed by the United States and finally the Lima Group have condemned this military action by Venezuela.
According to Para 9 of the Lima Group’s Declaration on 4 Jan 2019, the (...)
President Trump has announced the withdrawal of US combat troops from the « Greater Middle East », but the Pentagon is still pursuing the implementation of the Rumsfeld-Cebrowski plan. This time the aim is to destroy the States of the « Caribbean Basin ». This is nothing like the overthrow of pro-Soviet regimes, as in the 1970’s, but the destruction of all regional State structures, without consideration for friends or political enemies. Thierry Meyssan observes the preparations for this new series of wars.
Little by little, the partisans of the Cebrowski doctrine are advancing their pawns. If they must cease creating wars in the Greater Middle East, they’ll just turn around and inflame the Caribbean Basin. Above all, the Pentagon is planning to assassinate an elected head of state, ruin his country, and undermine the unity of Latin-America.
“The Venezuelan President will not set foot on our soil or enter the air space of Peru”. This is what the President of Peru, correction, former President of Peru, Pedro Pablo Kuczynski, declared just a little while ago. Trapped in a scheme of international corruption which binds him to the now famous “Odebrecht Case”, Kuczynski will not attend the Summit of the Americas scheduled to take place in Peru mid-April. For Julio Yao, the Panaman and Diplomatic Analyst, the resignation of the Peruvian President, which occurred only a few hours ago, is endangering the manoeuvre plotted around the so-called Lima Group against the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela, whose President, Nicolas Maduro, playfully asked this Thursday, in a televised appearance: “Who then is going to receive me in (...)
Formally speaking, the level of abstention during the Presidential election in Venezuela does not allow us to validate the democratic character of the victory of Nicolás Maduro. However, the amount of participation is easily sufficient, in the middle of an economic war, to illustrate popular support for national institutions. Indeed, far more than the Chàvists’ hold on power, what was in play was the future of the country faced with ongoing aggression.
Stella Calloni reveals SouthCom’s secret plan to overthrow the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela. This document, which we have already published, contradicts President Trump’s engagements to put an end to the régime changes which have characterised US imperial policy. It demonstrates that the international image of chaos in Venezuela is entirely fabricated and is an exclusive invention of Anglo-Saxon propaganda.
On 11 August 2017, the U.S. President, Donald Trump put on the table the option of taking military action against Venezuela. As Manlio Dinucci substantiates in this article, President Trump was not plucking words out of the air. The Mobility Guardian drill has just taken place in the United States, with the armies of 25 states participating and another 12 states observing. This was a repeat exercise for a prompt transport of forces of an enlarged Nato to the conflict zone.
The recent events of violence that took place in Venezuela, driven by radical, right wing groups, have got sociologists, political scientists, journalists and national and international intellectuals talking.
Thierry Meyssan, a journalist, researcher and expert in geopolitics, warned that these acts form part of a strategy, designed by the US Government, to provide the basis for a military intervention; an intervention similar to what took place in countries in the Middle East and North Africa and the product of campaigns seeking to set up people against people and people against governments; events which have come to be known as the Arab Spring.
Anxiety is growing in Latin America – the United States and the United Kingdom are preparing a « Spring » for them on the model of the « Arab Springs ». Of course, this time, it will not be a case of spreading war and dividing the populations along religious lines – Latino citizens are practically all Christians – but by using elements of their local identities. The objective will, however, be the same – not to replace the governments with other governments, but to destroy the States in order to eradicate any possibility of resistance to imperialism.
Following the parliamentary impeachment of Dilma Rousseff (Brazil) and Mauricio Macri’s arrival at the Pink House (Argentina), the United States is desperately trying to increase its military presence in Latin America, focussing particular attention on the South Cone. Peru, a member state of the Pacific Alliance, is the most recent victim of Washington’s imperial incursions. At the end of 2016, one of Peru’s regional governments, the Amazonas, approved the establishment of a new US military base that is being marketed to the public as a response centre for natural disasters.
In an interview with Russia Today, General in Chief of the Armed Forces of Venezuela, Jacinto Perez Arcay, said that he believed the invasion, directly or indirectly, of his country by the United States is now no longer a "possibility", but an "inexorable" fact .
Since 2002 and the first attempted coup against the constitutional president, Hugo Chávez, the United States has stepped up covert operations to break the resistance of the country and seize its huge hydrocarbon reserves.
José Martí was the Uruguay representative at the International Monetary Conference that took place under the auspices of the US government from 7 January to 8 April 1891 in Washington. The overriding objective of this conference was to set up a Union of Latin American Nations under US control and to guarantee the superiority of the US economy and trade, and thus, US’s political supremacy.
Economic relations between China and Latin America are living increasing tensions. As a result of deflation (fall in prices) on a global scale, the South American region is suffering the consequences of concentrating the bulk of its exports to China on commodities. However, the opening of the first yuan financial center in Latin America, in Santiago de Chile, agreed during Prime Minister, Li Keqiang’s visit, is bound to attract a number of technological investments which could drive peripheral industrialization and decrease the dollar’s dominance in Southern Cone countries.
During his tour through Brazil and Peru, China’s Prime Minister Li Keqiang committed to the construction of the “Silk Road” of South America; a continental train that would connect the Atlantic to the Pacific. Within its objectives, this mega-project will seek to impulse the industrialization and with that, to promote economic development in the region.
By proclaiming that Venezuela is a “threat” to the national security of the United States and by adopting unilateral sanctions against various Venezuelan leaders , Washington is now the in process of fabricating arguments to justify its own hostility against Caracas.
After financing urban guerrilla warfare , Washington attributed to the government of Venezuela the responsibility for the deaths caused by mercenaries paid by the United States.
Washington organized these, following (...)
U.S. President Barack Obama had a number of awkward encounters with Latin American and Caribbean leaders at the Caribbean Community and Common Market (CARICOM) summit in Jamaica and the Summit of the Americas in Panama. Present in Jamaica were leaders like Dominica’s Prime Minister Roosevelt Skerrit. Skerrit had denounced Obama’s policy of sanctions against Dominica’s ally Venezuela and Washington’s calling the government headed by President Nicolas Maduro a threat to U.S. national security. Obama and his advisers were awkwardly forced to «walk back» the national security threat charge against Venezuela during both summit venues.
The loans granted by China have changed into an instrument of foreign politics. At the same time these loans permit China to forge closer ties with fundamental allies and reduce the influence of financial institutions under the aegis of the United States in strategic areas.
Once again, the Obama administration has tried to force the change of a political regime that resists it. On February 12, an Academi (formerly Blackwater) plane disguised as an aircraft of the Venezuelan army was supposed to bomb the presidential palace and kill President Nicolas Maduro. The plotters had planned to place former MP María Corina Machado in power and have her immediately acclaimed by former Latin American presidents.
According to Manlio Dinucci, it is enough to read the official White House document announcing the restoration of its diplomatic relations with Cuba to find that nothing has changed in substance: the United States still intends to destroy the Cuban state, but by employing softer methods than state terrorism and the embargo. The next step will thus be an attempt to foment a color "revolution."
US relations with Venezuela illustrate the specific mechanisms through which an imperial power seeks to sustain client states and overthrow independent nationalist governments. By examining US strategic goals and its tactical measures, we can set forth several propositions about (1) the nature and instruments of imperial politics, (2) the shifting context and contingencies influencing the successes and failures of specific policies, and (3) the importance of regional and global political alignments and priorities.
In light of Evo Morales’ May Day expulsion of USAID from Bolivia for seeking to undermine his government, here is a look back to the Harry Truman administration’s work to undermine Bolivia’s transformative National Revolution in 1952. "This history’s legacy lives on; Washington’s power is woven into the fabric of Bolivian politics, from the dreams and nightmares of the National Revolution, into the MAS era of today," argues Benjamin Dangl.
Under Barack Obama’s watch, Paraguay’s Fernando Lugo is the second Latin American leftist president to have been deposed from office in a scenario orchestrated by his political opponents and very close friends of the U.S. Embassy in Asunción. Nil Nikandrov predicts that this pattern of constitutional "soft" coups against defiant leaders - successfully tested by Washington in Honduras and, now, in Paraguay - will be extensively replicated in other countries over the coming years. The insidious interference by Uncle Sam in the domestic affairs of the region will apparently not be relegated to the ash heap of history any time soon.
This week, U.S. President Barack Obama announced his choice for the State Department’s top Latin America post. An outspoken critic of Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez, Obama’s nominee, Roberta Jacobson, recently told a U.S. Senate subcommittee that she was "particularly concerned" with the Venezuelan president because he "continues to disrespect the legitimate role of democratic institutions, restrict freedom, including by closing press outlets and uses the judiciary to persecute political (...)
With unbounded hypocrisy, the United States shrieks “democracy!” at the world while denying Haitians every political right of citizenship in their own land. Having deposed and kidnapped the popularly elected president, Jean-Bertrand Aristide, in 2004, the U.S. now pretends not to be the main party standing in the way of his return from South African exile, ahead of the scheduled 20 March run-off elections. Meanwhile, former dictator “Baby Doc” Duvalier re-entered unimpeded on an expired Haitian passport.
Saban Center for Middle East Policy
December 10, 2010
Thank you. Thank you very much. I appreciate the introduction, but nothing is imminent – (laughter) – so far as I know. But it is a great pleasure for me to be back here and part of this very important forum.
And I appreciate your introduction. I appreciate the friendship that you and Cheryl have given to me and to my family. You’ve been friends for many years. And certainly, as anyone who knows (...)
Debunking the Islamic Trail
The true responsibility for international terrorism
The United States, Germany, Canada, Israel and the United Kingdom launched "Operation Jericho"
Washington and Paris overthrow Aristide
Interview with the Constitutional President of Haiti
“The only struggle you lose is the one you abandon”
The effervescence of a continent
South America under threat