Bologna Central Station bombing in 1980

The conservative german Süddeutsche Zeitung on April 4 published an remarkable article within a series on the occasion of the 60th anniversary of NATO. Excerpts and summary here:

Underground Troops In Nato Countries - Guerilla For The State by Jonathan Stock

It was a secret of many Nato member countries. Underground armies were existing to fight in the case of a Soviet invasion in guerrilla fashion. The trails lead back into the 1950s - NATO is still blocking the facts.

The article goes in great detail into the history of Gladio, its connections with former german SS troops and plans to blow up bridges and other strategic infrastructures in case of an soviet invasion after WW2. The story the “Stay behind Army” was blown open in 1952 when members of the underground groups informed police and the scandal first made the news. This lead to a politcal uproar when it is revealed that a list of numerous well known german personalities exited who were planned to have been killed in case of an emergency situation. The list included communists as well as social democrats and the state interior minister of the german state of Hessen. Several people were arrested when the list was discovered. German chancellor Adenauer claimed to have not known anything about the activities at the time. The US High Commissioner Walter Donnelly claimed the group was about to be dissolved in the same month when the arrests occurred. The Süddeutsche Zeitung article then reports that after a ruling of the german constitutional court the arrested members were released in the same month.

In October of 1952 Prime Minister of the german state of Hessen made the case public in state parliament . After that even the New York Times and the german newsmagazin Der Spiegel reported about the case and for the first time the public got informed about the existence of the “Stay Behind Army” of NATO

The article then reports about former Italian Prime Minister Giulio Andreotti who in 1990 during investigations about alleged Mafia and crime connections chose to reveal the existence of the italian “Stay-behind-Organisation” named “Gladio“.

This lead to a offical report of the german government in December 1990 that said: “The units that where set up by allied secret services on german territory until 1955 for means of securing intelligence and trafficking of personal have been transfered into the custody of german intelligence services as of 1956.” The report also stated that the organisation was not dissolved as promised in 1952 and that 104 people still were active at the time of the report.

The article in Sueddeutsche Zeitung goes than in great detail into explaining the findings of the swiss university professor Daniele Ganser. The paper writes about the 11 countries in which Gladio was active according to Ganser and then quotes him: “The groups intervened massively in the interior affairs of some of the countries - at least in Belgium, Greece, Turkey, France and Italy, for example with the bombing of the central railway station in Bologna in 1980.” and “It can not be accepted, that tax money is being used to kill ordinary citizens.”

Nato’s Secret Armies: Operation Gladio and Terrorism in Western Europe, by Daniele Ganser

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