Evo Morales’ victory has brought about a wave of reactions. Based on his social discourse, the rejection of the current system and his attacks on the American government, people are talking about a change towards the left. However, there are not enough elements to define this trend as an alternative model to the predominant one of the last decades. The actors have been the ones who have changed. After all, it’s all about demanding a redistribution of wealth and a more democratic model. It’s about changes provoked by the obvious discredit of the 1980’s policies.
Bolivia is affected by an extreme poverty despite having considerable resources. The marginalized indigenous population demands constitutional reforms aimed at improving the current system. After several years of democratic stabilization, instability has emerged again. However, military irruption has been avoided. Evo Morales has become the major figure of a possible an necessary change. Beyond the incomprehensible behaviour of the media and the right in our country, we must analyze the demands of the President. Evo Morales represents a risky chance, undoubtedly, but collaborating with him is the only way open most opportunities for Bolivia.
This country should transform its political functioning, its development should be based on natural resources and it should promote employment. To have a political system making rotation easier is necessary. Having a territorial redistribution of power can also be an element of modernization. Bolivia must exploit its resources intelligently. It must not follow the example of those rich countries that do not develop themselves. Thanks to its gas, Bolivia could have an important role in the region but a national pact is needed to succeed.
El País (Spain)
“Bolivia, nuevo horizonte”, by Felipe González, El País, January 13, 2006.