On 2 March 2018, the parliaments of Georgia, Moldova and Ukraine held a joint conference at Chisinau.

The Presidents of the three Parliaments of the three Republics of the former Soviet Union, issued a joint declaration denouncing the occupation by the Russian army of regions belonging to their three countries (South Ossetia and Abkhazia, Transnistria, Crimea and Donbass) [1].

These Parliamentarians, who spoke out surrounded by US officials, announced that the Organization for Democracy and Development (known as “GUAM” which stands for Georgia, Ukraine, Azerbaijan and Moldova) would be revived.

Azerbaijan did not participate as such in this conference. It does not control the High Karabakh (supported by Armenia, allied to Russia).

Establishing GUAM was an initiative of Bill Clinton and George W. Bush in order to build pipelines, bypassing Russia and securing total military control of Russia. This project never came to fruition and thus the Organization disappeared.

Anoosha Boralessa

[1“Moldova, Georgia, Ukraine Decry Russian Presence”, Associated Press, March 2, 2018.