In December 2009, the U.S. Treasury bonds owned by Japan increased by 11,5 billion dollars, going up to a total of 768,8 billion dollars.

At the same time, China slashed its U.S. treasury bond holdings by 34,2 billion dollars, down to 755,4 billion dollars.

On 1 January 2010, the major foreign holders of U.S. treasury bond were:

Japan 768,8 billion dollars
China: 755,4 billion dollars
United Kingdom: 302,5 billion dollars
Brazil: 160 billion dollars