The Fourth Congress of the World Anti-Communist League (WACL)

At the end of the Second World War, US secret service agents use Nazi,
fascist and Ustashi agents to create an anti-communist network: the
Stay-behind [1]. While agents recruited in the States of the future
Atlantic Alliance had to remain secret, agents operating in States that had
passed into Soviet control had to act publicly. In 1946 a fascist
international organization is established to coordinate the action of
agents, originally from the East who had immigrated to the West. This
organization is the Anti-Bolshevik Bloc of Nations (ABN). Ukrainian,
Hungarian, Romanian, Croatian, Bulgarian, Slovakian, Lithuanian (the list
goes on) fascists are brought together under the leadership of Yaroslav
Stetsko. The former collaborationist leader in Ukraine, Stetsko, is
considered responsible for the massacre of 700 persons, the majority of
whom are Jewish, at Lvov on 2 July 1941.

Eight years later, at the end of the Korean War, the United States replaces
France in Indochina [2]. President Eisenhower sets up a regional defense
system against the USSR and China. On 8 September 1954, SEATO, based on the
NATO model, is established. This brings together Australia, New Zealand,
Pakistan, the Philippines, Thailand, the United Kingdom and the United
States. On 2 December, the system was completed by a US-Taiwan bilateral
defence treaty [3].

While this is going on, the CIA, led by Allen Dulles, structures the
intelligence services of these States and puts in place an organization to
put anti-communist parties in the region in contact with each other. And so
around Chiang Kai-Shek, the Asian People’s Anti-Communist League (APACL)
is born.

In addition to the President of Taiwan (Chiang Kai-Shek), APACL’s
membership includes the following:
 Park Chung-hee, the future President of South Korea;
 Ryiochi Sasakawa, a war criminal who became a billionaire and a
benefactor of the Japanese Liberal Party;
 Reverend Sun Myung Moon [4], the prophet of the Church of Unification;
 General Prapham Kulapichtir (Thailand);
 President Ferdinand Marcos (Philippines);
 Prince Sopasaino (Laos) [5];
 Colonel Do Dang Cong (representing President Nguyen Van Thieu, Vietnam),

APACL is totally controlled by Ray S. Cline, the then CIA Chief of Station
in Taiwan and the future Vice-Director of the CIA [6]. It publishes the
Asian Bulletin, whose editing is entrusted to Michael Lasater, who will
head the Asian department of the Heritage Foundation [7].

Establishment of WACL, 1967.

The Establishment of WACL

From 1958, the President of the Anti-Bolshevist Bloc of Nations (ABN)
participates in the annual conferences of the Anti-Communist League of the
Asian People held in Taipei. Cline and Stetsko supervise the establishment
of the Political Warfare Cadres Academy at Taiwan. This academy is tasked
with training cadres from the Regime of Chiang Kai-Shek for anti- communist

The academy is the Asian equivalent of the Psychological Warfare Centre at
Fort Bragg (USA) and the Panama School of Americas [8]. Gradually, the CIA
forms a global network of political groups and instructors in
counter-insurrection. In 1967, ABN and APACL merge under the banner of the,
“World Anti-Communist League (WACL)” and extend their activities across
the entire “free world”. Its new members include Los Tecos or Legion
of King Christ, a Mexican fascist organization established during the
Second World War. The League experiences its first development phase in the
period 1973-1975, when Richard Nixon and his security adviser Henry
Kissinger reside in the White House.

Funding is extravagantly guaranteed by the Church of Unification. However
from 1975, this is no longer acknowledged. Reverend Sun Myung Moon then
claims to break ties with the League but continues to exercise his
leadership through his Japanese representative Osami Kuboki.

WACL’s role in implementing the Phoenix Plan (1968-71) and the Condor
Plan (1976-77), providing for the assassination of thousands of people
suspected of sympathizing with communists in South East Asia and Latin
America, is still inadequately reported.

The Phoenix Plan was probably implemented in Vietnam by the Joint
Unconventional Warfare Task Force of General Major John K. Singlaub, who
went on to become President of WACL. However Singlaub has consistently
denied any involvement in this operation.

Furthermore, General Hugo Banzer Juarez, who imposed a dictatorship in
Bolivia in 1971 to 1978, chaired the Latin American branch of WACL. In
1975 he organized a plan (the Banzer Plan) for the systematic elimination
of communist opponents. In 1977 a WACL Latin American conference was held
in Asuncion and Plan Banzer was presented as the way forward.
Participating at this conference was the dictator of Paraguay, General
Alfredo Stroessner. The Paraguayan delegation presented a motion following
the design of Plan Banzer, to eliminate priests and religious disciples of
the theology of liberation across Latin America. This motion was adopted by
the World Conference of WACL in 1978 [9].

Similarly, we do not know for sure what role WACL played in the strategy of
tension that hit Europe in this period. The Frenchman, François Duprat,
founder of a New French Order, the Italian Giorgio Almirante, founder of
MSI, the Spaniard Jesus Palacio, founder of CEDADE, the Belgian Paul
Vankerhoven, President of Circle of Nations and others like them have
militated in WACL. And it is WACL that filtered Stefano delle Chiaie out of
Italy [10], when the Italian judiciary having charged him with terrorism,
was searching for him. WACL smuggles him to the Bolivia of Hugo Banzer,
where he is immediately appointed the right hand man of Klaus Barbie, head
of the death squads.

Finally, we have little documentation on WACL’s role during the Lebanon
war. All we know for sure is that it had recruited mercenaries integrated
into the ranks of Christian militias of the former President Camille
Chamoun in 1975, a week before the conflict broke out.

On entering the White House in 1977, Jimmy Carter hopes to put an end to
his predecessors’ sordid practices. He appoints Admiral Stanfield Turner
to head the CIA and sets about toppling authoritarian regimes in Latin
America. It is a difficult period for WACL which is no longer financed by
its members. Thus WACL becomes the den of the anti-Carter preparing for
better days and spontaneously creates ties with the principal anti-Carter
organization in the US: the National Coalition for Peace Through Strength.
This front of rejection is an off-shoot of the American National Security
Council, that President Eisenhower designated under the term “the
military-industrial matrix” [11]. It is co-chaired by General Daniel
O’Graham [12] (who participated with George H. Bush in the Pipes
Commission - known as Team B, re-evaluating the Soviet threat) [13] and
General John K. Singlaub [14]

A number of officers in the League are involved in Campaign Committees for
Ronald Reagan’s election. For many of them, the Republican Governor of
California is not an unknown quantity. In fact, at the end of the Second
World War, Reagan participated as spokesperson for the Crusade for Freedom,
raising the necessary funds to settle Eastern European immigrants fleeing
communism in the United States. In actual fact, the funds were used to
transfer Nazis, fascists and Ustashis into the ABN. As for Vice President
George H. Bush, he is also a friend. As head of the CIA, he was the leader
of Operation Condor.

The Golden Age of WACL

When Ronald Reagan and George H Bush enter the White House, WACL regains
its strength and continues developing. The former contacts bear their
fruit. The US industrial military complex finances the establishment of a
US section of WACL called Council for World Freedom (USCWF). General John
K. Singlaub is the president and General Daniel O’Graham, the Vice
President. But matters do not end there. The military industrial complex
makes WACL a central tool for anti-communism repression all over the
world. Singlaub is thus elected the president of WACL.

The League acts on all fronts:
In order to combat Soviet presence in Afghanistan, the American Security
Council finances [15] a thematic section of WACL: the Committee for a Free
Afghanistan. Its headquarters are provided by the Heritage Foundation. The
operation is launched when Margaret Thatcher and Lord Nicholas Bethell
(Head of MI6) are on an official visit to the United States. The operation
is led by General J. Milnor Roberts. The Committee is directly involved in
providing logistical support to “freedom fighters” authorized by the
CIA’s Director, William [16] and managed by Osama Bin Laden [17]. The
link between WACL and the Saudi businessman is guaranteed by two men: Sheik
Ahmed Salah Jamjoon (who works with the public works giant, the Saudi Bin
Laden Group), and a former Prime Minister of South Yemen. [18]

In the Philippines, WACL is represented by President Ferdinand Marcos. But
when he is ousted in 1986, John K. Singlaub and Ray Cline go to the
Philippines to choose new partners. They put in place a paramilitary unit
of counter-guerrillas and choose General Fidel Ramos [19], friend of Frank
Carlucci [20], George H. Bush and the Bin Laden family.

To fight the Sandinistas revolution in Nicaragua, WACL sets up a logistical
base with Argentine trainers at John Hull’s premises in Costa Rica. It
also uses facilities in Honduras offered by the Chief-of-Staff, General
Gustavo Alvarez Martinez, who recruits mercenaries by using the
humanitarian cover of Refugee Relief International.

In Guatemala, WACL’s man is Mario Sandoval Alarcon, leader of the
National Liberation Movement. Sandoval, vice president from 1974 to 1978,
is the only true master of the country; General-President Romeo Lucas
Garcia is nothing but a puppet. He sets up death squads that will slay more
than 13,000 victims in five years.

In Salvador, WACL relies on the safe hands of Roberto d’Aubuisson, who
had been trained at the Taiwanese academy and who is the recipient of aid
from the Guatemalans. D’Aubuisson becomes both the head of ANSESAL, the
local equivalent of CIA, and the leader of an extreme right-wing
paramilitary organization, the nationalistic Republican Party (ARENA).
D’Aubuisson sets up death squads and notably murders Archbishop Oscar

Generals Harry Aderholt and John Singlaub, members of the Secret Committee for the Defence of Liberty

But the success of WACL will also be its downfall. In 1983, the
Under-Secretary for Defense, Fred C. Iklé, [21] establishes the Council
for Defense of Liberty within the Pentagon. This Council is a secret
committee of eight experts, that is chaired by General John K. Singlaub
 [22]. We know that the Committee decides that its secret intervention in
Afghanistan would also be a model to follow in Nicaragua, Angola, Salvador,
Cambodia and Vietnam but the detail of its actions is insufficiently

In 1984, Ronald Reagan chooses to entrust to the League generally, and to
John Singlaub particularly, all the private financing of Irangate under the
direct authority of Colonel Oliver North in the National Security Council.
The scandal erupts in 1987, revealing everything and destroying the WACL.

Anoosha Boralessa

An incomplete list of members of WACL, drawn up by Scott and Jon Lee
Anderson and published in Inside the League, (Dodd Mead & Company ed.,
1986) can be accessed from our electronic library.

[1See “Stay-hebind : les réseaux d’ingérence américains” by
Thierry Meyssan, Voltaire, 20 August 2001.

[2The French army loses the battle of Diên Biên Phu on 7 May 1954.

[3Furthermore, on 29 January 1955, Congress gives a carte-blanche to
President Eisenhower, authorizing him to defend Taiwan by military force if
the island is attacked by Communists.

[4See ‘Révérend Moon, le retour’, Voltaire Network, 26 March

[5Prince Sopaisano, Vice-President of the National Assembly of Laos, was
arrested at Paris-Orly airport, on 23 April 1971. He was carrying 60 kg of
pure heroin in his bag.

[6Ray S. Cline had been the most authoritative analyst on the causes of
the Korean War. He was the CIA Chief of Station at Taipei from 1958 to
1962. His cover was director of the US Naval Auxiliary Communications
Center. He then became the Vice-Head of the CIA thanks to the change in
personnel caused by the Bay of Pigs fiasco. He published his memoires,
Secrets, Spies and Scholars, Acropolis Books ed., 1976.

[7Michael Laseter was the head of the Universal and Triumphant Church
(CUT) of Elizabeth Claire. The sect was at the centre of a scandal during
the seventies when a military arsenal was discovered at its Californian
headquarters. One of its leaders was appointed executive director of the
head of WACL in Afghanistan in the eighties.

[8The School of Americas then relocated to Fort Benning, USA. Our
electronic library provides a complete directory of the pupils at the
school from 1947 - 1996

[9This operation seems to have been conducted in connection with
Monsigneur Alfonso Lopez-Trujillo, who was then the Secretary-General of
the Latin American Episcopalean Conference (CELAM).

[10See “1980: Massacre in Bologna, 85 dead”, Voltaire Network, 6 July 2005.

[11The National Coalition for Peace by Strength had up to 257 members of

[12Lieutenant General Daniel O’Graham was the CIA vice –director in
charge of relations with other intelligence agencies (1973-74), then the
director of DIA (1974-76). He was the Executive director of the American
Security Council and one of the chief advocates of “Star Wars”. He
established “High Frontier” which he chaired until his death in 1995.

[13In 1975, the Far Right accuses the CIA of being infiltrated by
communists and of downplaying the red danger. President Ford then appoints
George H. Bush to lead the Agency and authorizes counter- expertise.
Richard Pipes establishes “Team B”. It will publish an alarming report
that will justify re-launching the arms race. Today we know that the Pipes
Commission deliberately distorted the facts to open markets for the
military-industrial complex. On this subject, see: “Washington’s manipulators”, by Thierry Meyssan, Voltaire Network, 13 November 2002; and “Daniel Pipes, the expert of hate”, Voltaire Network, 2 March 2006.

[14John K. Singlaub was an officer of the US Secret Service during the
Second World War. He formed the Guerrilla of Kuomintang of Tchang Kaï-Chek
against Japan. During the Korean War, he was the CIA Chief of Station. Then
during the Vietnam War, he led the Green Berets. Following this, he was
the trainer in the counter-insurrectionary movement at Fort Benning. On
retirement, he became Training Director of the American Security Council.
It is for this reason that he became the co-president of the Coalition,
then the President of the League.

[15NED finances the Committee from 1984. It will then transfer a part of
the funds received to humanitarian organizations with political ends in
Afghanistan, notably Médecins sans frontiers of Bernard Kouchner and Aide
médicale internationale.

[16The US deliberately destabilized Afghanistan but the extent of
Moscow’s military reaction took it by surprise. Washington therefore
mobilized their allies to get involved in the war, not to “liberate”
the Afghans, but explicitly to prevent the USSR from carving out a corridor
to the Sea of Oman.

[17In 1983, WACL prints tee-shirts with a “portrait of Osama Bin Laden
and this caption “Support the Afghan Freedom Fighter. He Fights For You !

[18In this period, Osama Bin Laden does not feature as a pious Muslim but
an anti-communist businessman, chosen by Prince Turki, Director of Saudi
Secret Services, to participate on the US’s side in the war against the
Soviets. Bin Laden is first of all directing the construction of necessary
infrastructure for “fighters for liberty”, then he manages the
supplies to the foreign mujahidin that join them. It will only be later
that he transforms into a pious Muslim to assert his authority over the

[19General Fidel Ramos will be elected president in 1992. At the end of
his mandate in 1998, he will form part of the Carlyle Group. See « Le Carlyle Group, une affaire d’initiés », par Réseau Voltaire, Réseau Voltaire, 9 février 2004.

[20« L’honorable Frank Carlucci », par Thierry Meyssan, Réseau Voltaire, 11 février 2004.

[21Fred C. Iklé was the second-in-command to Caspar Weinberger at the
Pentagon. This historical “cold war warrior” is today a member of the
Center for Security Policy (CSP), Project for a New American Century (PNAC)
and the administrator of Smith Richardson Foundation.

[22This Committee includes Generals Harry Aderholt and Edward Lansdale,
Colonel John Waghelstein, Seale Doss, Edward Luttwak, Major F. Andy Messing
Jr and Sam Sarkessian.