Since President Truman’s decision to detonate two atomic bombs over Japan in a show of U.S. military strength vis-à-vis the Soviets to deter them from retaliating against the Anglo-Saxons at the end of World War 2, numerous initiatives have been undertaken to dissuade Washington from replicating similar crimes. Whereas the USSR acquired its own bomb opening the door to proliferation, neutral States advocated in favour of a nuclear-free world. The international treaties in force consecrate the strategic edge gained by the big powers while depriving the smaller ones of nuclear weapons. These are exploited politically to condemn - rightly or wrongly - insubordinate States (Iran, North Korea) and to protect friendly nations (Israel, India-Pakistan). In the context of the U.S. economic crisis, Obama attempted to reopen denuclearization negotiations. However, vast regions of the planet have already been contaminated, either for having served as nuclear testing grounds or as a combat theater where depleted uranium was used.
Nuclear terrorism is one of the most challenging threats to international security, and strong nuclear security measures are the most effective means to prevent terrorists, criminals, or other unauthorized actors from acquiring nuclear materials.
In addition to our shared goals of nuclear disarmament, nuclear nonproliferation and peaceful uses of nuclear energy, we also all share the objective of nuclear security. Therefore those gathered here in Washington, D.C. on April 13, 2010, commit (...)
President Barack Obama,
Distinguished Heads of Delegations,
Nuclear security is one of the foremost challenges we face today. I therefore wish to commend President Barack Obama for his initiative in convening this Summit on Nuclear Security. We would like the Summit to lead to concrete outcomes which help make our world a safer place.
The developmental applications of nuclear science in areas such as medicine, agriculture, food preservation and availability of fresh (...)
From a report by U.S. environmental association Natural Resources Defense Council , we had already learned that the United States store 90 nuclear bombs on two Italian bases: 50 in Aviano (Pordenone) and 40 in Ghedi Torre (Brescia). Approximately 400 more bombs are deployed in Germany, United Kingdom, Belgium and the Netherlands. They include all three versions of the tactical B61 bomb with a yield ranging from 45 to 170 kilotons (13 times the power of the Hiroshima bomb).
The bombs (...)
Washington has just published its new nuclear doctrine as well as signed the new treaty on arms control with Russia in the midst of a big media fanfare. And yet, upon closer scrutiny, the position of the Obama administration does not mark any real shift from that of its predecessors. It simply attunes the policy of the Bush administration to today’s reality. Even worse, it dodges the two main questions: Will the anti-missile shield reactivate the arms race? Will nuclear weapons be replaced by strategic arms which will prove even more destabilizing?
The United States of America and the Russian Federation, hereinafter referred to as the Parties,
Believing that global challenges and threats require new approaches to interaction across the whole range of their strategic relations,
Working therefore to forge a new strategic relationship based on mutual trust, openness, predictability, and cooperat ion,
Desiring to bring their respective nuclear postures into alignment with this new relationship, and endeavoring to reduce further the (...)
President Barack Obama: Good afternoon, everyone. I am honored to be back here in the Czech Republic with President Medvedev and our Czech hosts to mark this historic completion of the New START treaty.
Let me begin by saying how happy I am to be back in the beautiful city of Prague. The Czech Republic, of course, is a close friend and ally of the United States, and I have great admiration and affection for the Czech people. Their bonds with the American people are deep and enduring, (...)
Our Giant Step Towards a World Free from Nuclear Danger
Tomorrow the United States and Russia will sign the New Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (Start) in Prague, reducing the number of strategic nuclear warheads in our arsenals to levels not seen since the first decade of the nuclear age. This verifiable reduction by the world’s two largest nuclear powers reflects our commitment to the basic bargain of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) – all nations have the right to seek the (...)
A Comprehensive Nuclear Arms Strategy
The administration’s Nuclear Posture Review outlines the means to achieve greater security from worldwide nuclear dangers. Nonproliferation and counter-terrorism are central to the strategy.
When I joined the Senate in 1973, crafting nuclear policy meant mastering arcane issues like nuclear stability and deterrence theory. With the end of the Cold War and a new relationship between our country and Russia, thankfully these subjects no longer dominate (...)
Thanks for participating in this press conference. I’ll say a few words about the upcoming event the day after tomorrow. On April 8, in Prague, Russian and US Presidents Dmitry Medvedev and Barack Obama will sign a Treaty between the Russian Federation and the United States of America on Measures to Further Reduction and Limitation of Strategic Offensive Arms. This document will replace the Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty between the USSR and the USA, which expired on December 4 last year. (...)
One year ago yesterday in Prague, I outlined a comprehensive agenda to prevent the spread of nuclear weapons and to pursue the peace and security of a world without them. I look forward to advancing this agenda in Prague this week when I sign the new START Treaty with President Medvedev, committing the United States and Russia to substantial reductions in our nuclear arsenals.
Today, my Administration is taking a significant step forward by fulfilling another pledge that I made in (...)
While the United States and Russia are quietly beefing up their budgets and nuclear arsenals, they are about to annouce the signing of a new nuclear arms reduction treaty. The disconnect between reality and political hype is nothing new. But Manlio Dinucci and Tommaso Di Francesco don’t want us to be fooled. The super powers are still clinging to their traditional policies.
Brazilian President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva has refused to visit the grave of Theodor Herzl, the founder of modern Zionism.
In response to the rebuff, Israeli Foreign Minister Avigdor Lieberman decided to boycott the Brazilian president’s visit.
On Monday, Lieberman also criticized Lula’s close ties with Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad and his plan to visit Tehran in the near future.
Lula described his Middle East tour, which includes scheduled visits to the occupied West Bank and (...)
The U.S. anti-missile shield project raises a number of questions in terms of feasibility, cost and positioning. However, the main concern has more to do with the philosophy linked to the weapon itself. The denomination of "shield" gives it an exclusively defensive connotation, but in the context of the "balance of terror", defense implies impunity. And the impunity of one constitutes a threat for all the others.
The Path to Nuclear Security: Implementing the President’s Prague Agenda
Ladies and gentlemen;
Secretaries Gates and Chu;
members of our armed services;
students and faculty;
thank you all for coming.
At its founding, Elihu Root gave this campus a mission that is the very essence of our national defense: “Not to promote war, but to preserve peace by intelligent and adequate preparation to repel aggression.” (...)
Iraq’s Ministry for Human Rights will file a lawsuit against Britain and the US over their use of depleted uranium bombs in Iraq, based on reports from the Iraqi ministries of science and the environment.
According to the reports, during the first year of the US and British invasion of Iraq, both countries had repeatedly used bombs containing depleted uranium.
According to Iraqi military experts, the US and Britain bombed the country with nearly 2,000 tons of depleted uranium bombs during (...)
While still falsely blaming Iran for the 1994 bombing of a Jewish community center in Buenos Aires - thereby toeing the line imposed by the U.S and Israel - President Cristina Kirchner is more realistic when it comes to defending her country’s economic interests. Argentina is likely to supply fuel for Tehran’s nuclear reactor, resuming its earlier cooperation with Iran and filling the vacuum left by France. Whether or not the deal will go through will largely depend on Washington’s green light and on Argentina’s determination to resist pressure from Israel.
Iran has submitted solid evidence that the intelligence documents allegedly showing the existence of a covert Iranian nuclear weapons program are fabricated, yet the IAEA has consistently neglected to adress this vital issue. Could there be a ’cover up’ afoot in which the IAEA is complicit?
Iran’s chief nuclear negotiator Saeed Jalili speaks with journalists at Tehran’s Imam Khomeini airport September 30, 2009, before his departure for talks in Geneva.
A faction of US lawmakers seek to impose tougher sanctions, despite ’positive talks’ between Iran and the world major powers based on Tehran’s latest package of proposals.
On Tuesday, US lawmakers will begin a discussion aimed at tightening existing sanctions against Iran and imposing new bans on Tehran to force Tehran into bowing (...)
Breaking with the 50-year policy of the Liberal Party, the new Japanese government controlled by the Democratic Party intends to rebalance its country’s relations with the United States.
Knowing that such a venture can only succeed with a strong popular support, prime minister Yukio Hatoyama has decided to disclose Japan’s subservient position vis-a-vis Washington.
During a press conference, he announced the creation of an investigation commission mandated to verify the existence of secret (...)
By Jason Ditz
Citing Iran’s revelation earlier this week that it is constructing a second, smaller uranium enrichment facility, President Barack Obama demanded that the Iranian government “come clean” about his long-standing accusations of a nuclear weapons program, and said he would not rule out attacking the nation if they refused.
Obama said the second facility, reportedly an underground plant outside of Qom, was “inconsistent with a peaceful program” and claimed that the nation was (...)
From left to right: US President Barack Obama, French President Nicolas Sarkozy and UK Prime Minister Gordon Brown.
September 25, 2009
President Obama and the leaders of France and Britain opened the Group of 20 summit in Pittsburgh this morning and accused Iran of building a secret nuclear facility.
Here is the text of their remarks:
PRESIDENT OBAMA: Good morning. We are here to announce that yesterday in Vienna, the United States, the United Kingdom, and France presented detailed (...)
Resolution adopted on 18 September 2009 during the tenth plenary meeting
The General Conference,
(a) Recalling the relevant resolutions of the General Conference and the Presidential Statements endorsed by the General Conference on this issue,
(b) Recalling also UN Security Council Resolution 487 (1981), which, inter alia, requested Israel to submit all its nuclear facilities to the Agency’s safeguards system,
(c) Bearing in mind the resolution on the Middle East adopted by the 1995 (...)
Resolution adopted on 17 September 2009 during the ninth plenary meeting
The General Conference,
(a) Recognizing the importance of the non-proliferation of nuclear weapons – both globally and regionally – in enhancing international peace and security,
(b) Mindful of the usefulness of the Agency’s safeguards system as a reliable means of verification of the peaceful uses of nuclear energy,
(c) Concerned by the grave consequences, endangering peace and security, of the presence in the (...)
Prohibition of armed attack or threat of attack against nuclear installations, during operation or under construction
1- The sustainable development and applications of nuclear energy highly depends on the management of nuclear energy in safe and secure manner;
2- Accidents or events such as military attacks against nuclear facilities heve serious impact on the public perceptions and thus their support for further development of peaceful uses of nuclear energy;
3- Chernobyle accident (...)
After vehemently denying that it had authorized the use of the Suez Canal to the Israeli Navy, the Egyptian government acknowledged the evidence. It invoked the application of the 1880 Convention of Constantinople which allows for the transit of military vessels provided it does not pose a threat to the host country; however, it failed to mention the more recent and relevant defense agreements between Israel and Egypt. But how many people are aware that as a nuclear power de facto associated with NATO, Israel can henceforth deploy its missiles anywhere in all five oceans?
US security authorities have conducted a semi-clandestine nuclear fallout drill in the City of New York in order to be prepared "for the worst."
The NYC Police Department (NYPD) in unison with the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) carried out a massive almost-covert anti-nuclear exercise codenamed ’New York, you have a problem’ in order to gauge the metropolitan promptness in responding to such attacks.
According to an AP report on Friday, hundreds of NYPD officers and FBI agents (...)
Prime Minister Vladimir Putin
The Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin says the country could get rid of its nuclear weapons if other nuclear powers are ready to abandon them too.
"What do we need nuclear arms for?" Putin said during talks with visiting German Foreign Minister Frank-Walter Steinmeier.
"Was it us that invented and ever used it?" he said in a reference to the United States, which became the world’s first nuclear power when it bombed the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and (...)
The Annual General Meeting of the World Health Organization (WHO) was disrupted for the third time by organizations requesting that the Agreement concluded between the WHO and the IAEA (the International Atomic Energy Agency) be set aside.
Exactly 50 years ago, on 28 May 1959, the General Assembly approved a protocol agreement between the WHO and IAEA. The agreement provides that both organizations must focus on issues of common interest. In practice, this means that the WHO cannot publish (...)
Thank you for this wonderful welcome. Thank you to the people of Prague. And thank you to the people of the Czech Republic. Today, I am proud to stand here with you in the middle of this great city, in the center of Europe. And - to paraphrase one my predecessors - I am also proud to be the man who brought Michelle Obama to Prague.
I have learned over many years to appreciate the good company and good humor of the Czech people in my hometown of Chicago. Behind me is a statue of a hero of (...)
Ambassador Mohammad Khazaee (Iran)
The Security Council,
Recalling the Statement of its President, S/PRST/2006/15, of 29 March 2006, and its resolution 1696 (2006) of 31 July 2006, its resolution 1737 (2006) of 23 December 2006 and its resolution 1747 (2007) of 24 March 2007, and reaffirming their provisions,
Reaffirming its commitment to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, the need for all States Party to that Treaty to comply fully with all their obligations, and (...)
“The art of war”
“The Art of War”