According to the UN, world heroin production stands at 430-450 tons, of which only 340 tons actually reach the market, the rest being seized or destroyed [1].

Top heroin producing countries are: Afghanistan (at least 380 tonnes), Myanmar and Laos (at least 50 tonnes).

According to John F. Sopko, the US government’s special inspector general for Afghanistan, the reconstruction efforts undertaken by Afghanistan have collapsed in the face of the continued expansion of drug cultivation drugs and criminal organizations. Afghan farmers reportedly earned some $ 3 billion in 2013 [2].

Since 2010, the Russian authorities have consistently accused NATO of exporting Afghan heroin to Europe [3].

The switch from using drugs planes run by NATO to those controlled by the Islamic Emirate confirms the links between the two organizations. This came just after President Hamid Karzai left office, September 29, 2014 [4].

The Islamic Emirate uses a cocktails of drugs to condition its fighters according to protocols that appear to have been prescribed by the CIA [5].

According to the Russian Federal Drug Control Service (FSKN), more than half of the heroin consumed in Europe currently comes from Afghanistan via the Islamic State [6]

[1"Drug trafficking", United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, website consulted on 29 November 2014.

[2Afghan opium and heroin production explodes”, Voltaire Network, 11 June 2014.

[3Poppy cultivation: Russia lambastes NATO”, Voltaire Network, 5 March 2010.

[4Afghanistan: Opium, the CIA and the Karzai Administration”, by Peter Dale Scott, Voltaire Network, 13 December 2010. "Le partenaire afghan de Monti", by Manlio Dinucci, Translation Marie-Ange Patrizio, Il Manifesto (Italie), Réseau Voltaire, 9 November 2012.

[5"Comment manipule-t-on des jihadistes ? Qui le fait ?", by Thierry Meyssan, Haïti Liberté (Haïti), Réseau Voltaire, 24 November 2014.